- Nutrition - 10/1010/10
- Ingredients - 10/1010/10
Instinct – Ultimate Protein – Chicken for Small Breed Dogs is a high-quality limited ingredient dry dog food. Its nutrient profile is significantly above average and as one might imagine it provides an extremely high proportion of protein and an extremely low proportion of carbohydrates. Some would argue that this protein proportion is in fact excessive. It has a small number of high-quality ingredients and limits its meat-based content to Chicken. The only other notable ingredients are added oils such as Salmon Oil which provides small quantities of the Omega 3 Fatty Acids and Tomato Pomace for soluble fiber. Its very restrictive and limited ingredient list combined with its nutritional values, make Instinct – Ultimate Protein – Chicken for Small Breed Dogs a very satisfactory dry dog food for a very active dog with significant dietary sensitivities.
Full review of Instinct – Ultimate Protein – Chicken for Small Breed Dogs by Nature’s Variety
The ideal nutrition for a dog is entirely dependant on their unique circumstances. However, a high proportion of protein and fat combined with a lower proportion of carbohydrates is most appropriate nutrition profile for the vast majority of dogs. Dog’s are very capable of consuming a high proportion of carbohydrates, but a diet high in protein and fat is more appropriate and a better reflection of their natural ancestral diet.
Carbohydrate Content Analysis
Dogs use carbohydrates as a simple energy source. Dogs do not require significant carbohydrates in their diet and they are commonly added to reduce cost and increase shelf life. As the chart above displays, a maximum of 16% of Instinct – Ultimate Protein – Chicken for Small Breed Dogs calories are derived from carbohydrates. Please note that this is the maximum amount of carbohydrates as calculated by the guaranteed analysis. In reality, this value of carbohydrates is likely to be a lot lower. This is significantly below average for a Dry Dog Food.
There does not appear to be any concentrated source of carbohydrates present. This proportion of carbohydrates is incredibly low. So low in fact, that is among the lowest of all commercial dry dog food. This very accurately mimics a dog’s natural diet. However, some could argue that the carbohydrate proportion does not need to be quite this low, especially considering this is an overestimate.
Protein Content Analysis
Dogs use Protein for growth, development, and maintenance. Excess protein can be burned as calories. As the chart above displays, a minimum of 45% of Instinct – Ultimate Protein – Chicken for Small Breed Dogs calories are derived from protein. Please note that this is the minimum amount of protein as calculated by the guaranteed analysis. In reality, this value of protein is likely to be higher. This is significantly above average for a Dry Dog Food.
The protein is sourced from the Chicken present. Meat-based proteins such as Chicken are the preferred source and can provide complete amino acid coverage. This protein content will without a doubt be sufficient for dogs of all activity levels even those who are considered extremely active.
There does not need to be more protein and this is one of the highest levels of protein of any dry dog food. There is so much protein that it could be argued that it contains is too much and it may be more efficient to be replaced with additional fat or carbohydrates. While this extremely high level of protein will not cause any significant harm, much of it may be wasted as protein cannot be stored.
Fat Content Analysis
Dogs use fat as a concentrated energy source. In addition, fats also play a role in development and maintenance. As the chart above displays, a minimum of 39% of Instinct – Ultimate Protein – Chicken for Small Breed Dogs calories are derived from Fat. Please note that this is the minimum amount of fat as calculated by the guaranteed analysis. In reality, this value of fat is likely to be a lot higher. This is significantly above average for a Dry Dog Food.
The fat present appears to be from the Chicken ingredients. Chicken is a natural source of fat in a dog’s diet. This level of fat is sufficient to satisfy the energy needs of the vast majority of dogs. In addition, the added oils, in particular, the Salmon Oil help increase the quantity of Omega 3 and 6 Fatty Acids which can provide a range of health benefits.
Overall Instinct – Ultimate Protein – Chicken for Small Breed Dogs contains an average of 4,470 kcal/kg or 491 kcal/cup
Once again please note that the values in this section are calculated using the products guaranteed analysis. The guaranteed analysis only lists the minimum and maximum values and as a consequence, these can sometimes be an inaccurate representation. As a rule of thumb, most dog foods will contain slightly more protein and considerably more fat than their guaranteed analysis. This will have the knock-on effect of reducing the relative amount of carbohydrates present. However also note that every dog food is different and some will be considerably closer to the guaranteed analysis than others.
Guaranteed Analysis – Instinct – Ultimate Protein – Chicken for Small Breed Dogs
Pet foods in the United States are legally required by the AAFCO to have a guaranteed analysis on their packaging. A guaranteed analysis must display certain nutritional information. This is similar to how nutritional values are now commonly displayed on food for human consumption. The information that must be displayed includes Crude Protein, Crude Fat, Crude Fiber, and Moisture. Some guaranteed analysis will contain additional information. The guaranteed analysis for this product is listed below.
- Crude Protein (Min) – 47.00%
- Crude Fat (Min) – 18.00%
- Crude Fiber (Max) – 2.50%
- Moisture (Max) – 10.00%
- Calcium (Min) – 1.4%
- Phosphorus (Min) – 1.1%
- Omega 6 Fatty Acids (Min) – 3.2%
- Omega 3 Fatty Acids (Min) – 0.6%
The ingredients of pet food are disclosed on the packaging of the product as a list in descending order. Therefore the ingredients at the start of the list make up the bulk of the pet foods content. As a consequence, the quality of these primary ingredients is the most significant factor in determining the quality of pet food.
However, ingredients listed further down the ingredient list should not be ignored, especially if they could have adverse or harmful effects on a pet.
- Salmon Oil
Dangerous / Harmful Ingredients
In-Depth Meat/Fish Ingredient Review
The meat and fish ingredients of dog food are without a doubt the most important. They are critical as they provide the majority of the protein and fat that dogs desperately need. Also, these ingredients would have made up the bulk of dogs ancestors diet. Therefore, the quality of a dog food formulas meat and fish ingredients is crucial. Instinct – Ultimate Protein – Chicken for Small Breed Dogs contains one source of meat or fish.
The primary meat source present is Chicken. Chicken is considered a high-quality source of protein. In addition to being a fantastic protein source, chicken has high levels of Niacin and Vitamin B6. Unfortunately Chicken does contain a high concentration of water. Much of this water is evaporated during the cooking process leaving a lesser proportion of Chicken. However given that Chicken is the first listed ingredient, its proportion will be relatively high after the cooking process.
In-Depth None-Meat Ingredient Review
Tapioca is a starchy vegetable and a source of complex carbohydrates. Tapioca, which is also known as Cassava Root, is a staple of South America and is rarely seen in the western world. This means it is often used as a novel ingredient for dogs with allergies or sensitivities to other ingredients such as Peas and Potatoes. Tapioca does not contribute substantial nutrition beyond its carbohydrate content but does contain the some B Vitamins such as Folate and the Vitamin B6.
Flaxseed is a beneficial ingredient that is commonplace in higher quality dog food. Flaxseed contains high levels of the Omega 3 and 6 Fatty Acids which provide a range of health benefits such as healthier skin and fur and improved cognitive function. Also, Flaxseed contains high levels of protein for a plant-based ingredient. Finally, Flaxseed provides Lignans which can help reduce inflammation and cholesterol.
A noteworthy ingredient present in this formula is Tomato Pomace. Tomato Pomace is made up of tomato skin, seeds, and pulp. Its most beneficial feature is that it contains very high levels of soluble fiber which can aid and regulate digestion. Those high levels of fiber are the primary motivation behind this ingredients inclusion in most formulas as Tomato Pomace has little nutritional value.
Salmon Oil is a reliable source of the Omega 3 & 6 Fatty Acids. In fact, Salmon Oil is particularly high in the Omega 3 Fatty Acid which is considered to be the more beneficial of the two. The Omega Fatty Acids are essential for an extensive range of reasons. They can help maintain a dogs skin and coat, they can reduce inflammation and they can help fight heart disease. The full list of potential benefits of the Omega Fatty Acids is far too numerous to list.
Full Ingredient List – Instinct – Ultimate Protein – Chicken for Small Breed Dogs
Chicken (source of Glucosamine and Chondroitin Sulfate), Tapioca, Chicken Fat (preserved with Mixed Tocopherols and Citric Acid), Ground Flaxseed, Natural Flavor, Dried Tomato Pomace, Salmon Oil, Dicalcium Phosphate, Dried Whey Protein Concentrate, Potassium Chloride, Salt, Vitamins (Vitamin E Supplement, Niacin Supplement, L-Ascorbyl-2-Polyphosphate, Thiamine Mononitrate, d-Calcium Pantothenate, Vitamin A Supplement, Riboflavin Supplement, Menadione Sodium Bisulfite Complex, Pyridoxine Hydrochloride, Vitamin B12 Supplement, Folic Acid, Vitamin D3 Supplement, Biotin), Montmorillonite Clay, Choline Chloride, Minerals (Zinc Proteinate, Iron Proteinate, Copper Proteinate, Manganese Proteinate, Sodium Selenite, Ethylenediamine Dihydriodide), Taurine, Freeze Dried Chicken, Freeze Dried Chicken Liver, Pumpkinseeds, Freeze Dried Chicken Heart, Dried Bacillus coagulans Fermentation Product, Rosemary Extract.
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