Nutrition - 6/10
Ingredients - 8/10
PureVita Kangaroo & Green Lentils Grain Free Entree is a high-quality dry dog food. Its nutrient profile is above average, and it provides above average quantities of protein and fat. Despite being above average, we consider the carbohydrate proportion of this dog food to be above ideal, and the protein proportion is not sufficient for more active dogs. The formula contains a select number of high-quality ingredients and limits its meat-based ingredients to Kangaroo. While Kangaroo meat may be unfamiliar to many, it is very nutritious and particularly low in saturated fat. Also, Kangaroo Formula contains a range of Legumes which are considered high-quality sources of carbohydrates. Moreover, they provide fiber for healthy digestion. While Kangaroo Formula includes a range of vegetables, the fact it only uses a single source of meat, that is unlikely to have been consumed by the majority of dogs, could mean it is suitable for those that suffer from meat allergies or sensitivities.
Unique Meat Ingredient High Level Of Omega Fatty Acids
Excessive Carbohydrate Proportion
A Full review of Kangaroo & Green Lentils Grain Free Entree by PureVita
The ideal nutrition for a dog is entirely dependant on their unique circumstances. However, a high proportion of protein and fat combined with a lower proportion of carbohydrates is most appropriate nutrition profile for the vast majority of dogs. Dog’s are very capable of consuming a high proportion of carbohydrates, but a diet high in protein and fat is more appropriate and a better reflection of their natural ancestral diet.
Carbohydrate Content Analysis
Dogs use carbohydrates as a simple energy source. Dogs do not require significant carbohydrates in their diet, and they are commonly added to reduce cost and increase shelf life. As the chart above displays, a maximum of 42% of PureVita Kangaroo & Green Lentils Grain Free Entree calories are derived from carbohydrates. Please note that this is the maximum amount of carbohydrates as calculated by the guaranteed analysis. In reality, this value of carbohydrates is likely to be a lot lower. This is average for a Dry Dog Food.
A mix of legumes makes up the carbohydrate content of this dog food. Legumes such as Lentils and Chickpeas are considered high-quality sources of carbohydrates. These will be discussed in more detail later on. This is considerably above what we would consider the ideal proportion of carbohydrates. Despite these carbohydrates being from a reasonably high-quality source and this percentage being an overestimate, this proportion is too high and poorly mimics a dog’s natural diet.
Protein Content Analysis
Dogs use Protein for growth, development, and maintenance. Excess protein can be burned as calories. As the chart above displays, a minimum of 25% of PureVita Kangaroo & Green Lentils Grain Free Entree calories are derived from protein. Please note that this is the minimum amount of protein as calculated by the guaranteed analysis. In reality, this value of protein is likely to be higher. This is above average for a Dry Dog Food.
This is a satisfactory level of protein for relatively inactive dogs but may not be adequate for those dogs who are more active. It appears to be sourced from the Kangaroo ingredients. Meat such as Kangaroo is considered a high-quality source of protein and provides the full range of needed amino acids. Only a minority of this protein is from plant-based material as there are no protein by-products in use.
Fat Content Analysis
Dogs use fat as a concentrated energy source. In addition, fats also play a role in development and maintenance. As the chart above displays, a minimum of 33% of PureVita Kangaroo & Green Lentils Grain Free Entree calories are derived from fat. Please note that this is the minimum amount of fat as calculated by the guaranteed analysis. In reality, this value of fat is likely to be a lot higher. This is above average for a Dry Dog Food.
The fat present in this dog food appears to be sourced from the Kangaroo ingredients which are a high-quality source. Kangaroo meat is lower in fat than other similar meats yet the fat proportion in this formula is significant. This estimate of the fat content is sufficient to fulfill the energy needs of most dogs but may not be adequate for those who are extremely active. The level of the Omega Fatty Acids in this formula are very satisfactory for a formula that does not contain any fish ingredients.
Overall PureVita Kangaroo & Green Lentils Grain Free Entree contains an average of 3,754 kcals per kg or 412 kcals per cup.
Once again please note that the values in this section are calculated using the products guaranteed analysis. The guaranteed analysis only lists the minimum and maximum values, and as a consequence, these can sometimes be an inaccurate representation. As a rule of thumb, most dog foods will contain slightly more protein and considerably more fat than their guaranteed analysis. This will have the knock-on effect of reducing the relative amount of carbohydrates present. However also note that every dog food is different and some will be considerably closer to the guaranteed analysis than others.
Guaranteed Analysis – PureVita Kangaroo & Green Lentils Grain Free Entree
Pet foods in the United States are legally required by the AAFCO to have a guaranteed analysis on their packaging. A guaranteed analysis must display certain nutritional information. This is similar to how nutritional values are now commonly displayed on food for human consumption. The information that must be displayed includes Crude Protein, Crude Fat, Crude Fiber, and Moisture. Some guaranteed analysis will contain additional information. The guaranteed analysis for this product is listed below.
- Crude Protein (Min) – 25.00%
- Crude Fat (Min) – 15.00%
- Crude Fiber (Max) – 9.00%
- Moisture (Max) – 10.00%
- Omega 6 Fatty Acids (Min) – 4.3%
- Omega 3 Fatty Acids (Min) – 1.0%
The ingredients of pet food are disclosed on the packaging of the product as a list in descending order. Therefore the ingredients at the start of the list make up the bulk of the pet foods content. As a consequence, the quality of these primary ingredients is the most significant factor in determining the quality of pet food.
However, ingredients listed further down the ingredient list should not be ignored, especially if they could have adverse or harmful effects on a pet.
- Kangaroo Meal
Dangerous / Harmful Ingredients
In-Depth Meat/Fish Ingredient Review
The meat and fish ingredients of dog food are without a doubt the most important. They are critical as they provide the majority of the protein and fat that dogs desperately need. Also, these ingredients would have made up the bulk of dogs ancestors diet. Therefore, the quality of a dog food formulas meat and fish ingredients is crucial. PureVita Kangaroo & Green Lentils Grain Free Entree contains two sources of Kangaroo.
The primary meat source present is Kangaroo. Kangaroo is considered a high-quality source of protein. Kangaroo meat is often praised for being very low in fat, particularly saturated fat. Also, it contains high levels of Iron and Vitamin B12. Unfortunately, just like other meats, Kangaroo meat includes a high concentration of water. Much of this water is evaporated during the cooking process leaving a lesser proportion of Kangaroo. However given that Kangaroo is the first listed ingredient, its proportion will still be relatively high even after the cooking process.
The secondary meat source present is Kangaroo Meal. Kangaroo Meal is considered a high-quality source of protein. Meat Meal is a concentrated form of meat that has already had the majority of its moisture removed. This means that gram for gram it is much more abundant in protein and other nutrients. Kangaroo Meal will contain the same vitamins and minerals as Kangaroo but in higher concentrations. This includes Vitamin B12 and high levels of Iron.
In-Depth None-Meat Ingredient Review
PureVita Kangaroo & Green Lentils Grain Free Entree contains Peas, Lentils and Garbanzo Beans (also known as chickpeas). These are members of the legume family of vegetables. Legumes are famous for having a relatively high amount of protein for a vegetable. Legumes also contain a high amount of fiber, which is important for healthy digestion. Pet foods often use legumes as a replacement for grains in grain-free pet food. Protein from vegetables such as legumes should not be a replacement for protein from meat. Instead, it should act as an additional protein source.
Sunflower Oil is one of a number of oils commonly added to pet food. Sunflower Oil contains high amounts of Omega 6 Fatty Acids. However, it does not provide any of the Omega 3 Fatty Acids which are often considered the more beneficial of the two. For that reason, Sunflower Oil is considered by many to be a less desirable addition than other oils such as Salmon and Canola Oil.
A noteworthy ingredient present in this formula is Tomato Pomace. Tomato Pomace is made up of tomato skin, seeds, and pulp. Its most beneficial feature is that it contains very high levels of soluble fiber which can aid and regulate digestion. Those high levels of fiber are the primary motivation behind this ingredients inclusion in most formulas as Tomato Pomace has little nutritional value.
Dried Chicory Root or Chicory Root Extract is an additive or supplement to dog food. It can provide a range of health benefits including soluble fiber to enable regular passage of stool, probiotics to aid and promote digestion, as well as potentially eliminate or prevent intestinal worms. While these benefits are not fully proven, there is strong evidence behind them. The proportion of Chicory Root used in most dog food recipes is tiny and does not contribute meaningful nutrition. Find out more in Dried Chicory Root In Dog Food.
Full Ingredient List – PureVita Kangaroo & Green Lentils Grain Free Entree
Kangaroo, kangaroo meal, green lentils, red lentils, garbanzo beans, sunflower meal, sunflower oil, dried tomato pomace, chia seeds, dicalcium phosphate, salt, natural flavor, potassium chloride, calcium carbonate, cranberries, salmon oil (preserved with mixed tocopherols), minerals (zinc proteinate, iron proteinate, copper proteinate, manganese proteinate, cobalt proteinate, selenium yeast), dried brewers yeast, DL methionine, blueberries, choline chloride, taurine, vitamins (vitamin A acetate, vitamin D3 supplement, vitamin E supplement, niacin, d-calcium pantothenate, thiamine mononitrate, pyridoxine hydrochloride, riboflavin supplement, folic acid, biotin, vitamin B12 supplement), turmeric, dried chicory root, lecithin, preserved with mixed tocopherols and citric acid, lactic acid, glucosamine hydrochloride, garlic, L-ascorbyl-2-polyphosphate (source of vitamin C), chondroitin sulfate, L-carnitine, yucca schidigera extract, calcium iodate, rosemary extract, yeast culture (Saccharomyces cerevisiae), dried Lactobacillus acidophilus fermentation product, dried Enterococcus faecium fermentation product, dried Aspergillus oryzae fermentation extract, dried Trichoderma longibrachiatum fermentation extract, dried Bacillus subtilis fermentation extract.