Nutrition - 6/10
Ingredients - 10/10
Eden Duck and Tripe is a high-quality dry dog food formula. Its nutrient profile is above average and it provides an above average proportion of fat. Sadly, the proportion of protein in this formula is far from satisfactory and the proportion of carbohydrates is excessive. The formula contains a range of nutritious ingredients with a focus on poultry such as Duck. Tripe is also included with the intention of adding beneficial minerals, vitamins, and additional protein. A small range of starchy vegetables are present in the formula, and they provide a satisfactory proportion of high-quality carbohydrates. In addition to their carbohydrate content, these ingredients contain fiber for healthy digestion. Eden Duck and Tripe formula contains a wide range of vegetable and meat ingredients. For this reason, it is highly unlikely that it would be suitable for dogs with severe allergies or sensitivities.
High-Quality Meat Ingredients No Grains or By-products
Very Excessive Carbohydrate Proportion Poor Level of Omega Fatty Acids
A Full review of Duck and Tripe By Eden
The ideal nutrition for a dog is entirely dependant on their unique circumstances. However, a high proportion of protein and fat combined with a lower proportion of carbohydrates is most appropriate nutrition profile for the vast majority of dogs. Dog’s are very capable of consuming a high proportion of carbohydrates, but a diet high in protein and fat is more appropriate and a better reflection of their natural ancestral diet.
Carbohydrate Content Analysis
Dogs use carbohydrates as a simple energy source. Dogs do not require significant carbohydrates in their diet, and they are commonly added to reduce cost and increase shelf life. As the chart above displays, a maximum of 45% of Eden Duck and Tripe calories are derived from carbohydrates. Please note that this is the maximum amount of carbohydrates as calculated by the guaranteed analysis. In reality, this value of carbohydrates is likely to be a lot lower. This is average for a Dry Dog Food.
The carbohydrate proportion within Eden Duck and Tripe formula appears to be sourced from a mix of starches and vegetables. This includes portions of Sweet Potatoes and Tapioca. Sweet Potatoes, in particular, are a high-quality carbohydrate ingredient and will be discussed later.
Sadly starches such as Sweet Potatoes are very dense in carbohydrates which means that the proportion of carbohydrates in this formula is not satisfactory and should be significantly lower to better reflect a dog’s natural diet.
Protein Content Analysis
Dogs use Protein for growth, development, and maintenance. Excess protein can be burned as calories. As the chart above displays, a minimum of 22% of Eden Duck and Tripe calories are derived from protein. Please note that this is the minimum amount of protein as calculated by the guaranteed analysis. In reality, this value of protein is likely to be higher. This is average for a Dry Dog Food.
The proportion of protein present in the Eden Duck and Tripe formula is acceptable for the average dog, but is not satisfactory and will be inadequate for those who are active and who need additional protein.
A small range of ingredients makes up the majority of this protein content including Duck and Tripe. All of these ingredients are considered high-quality sources of lean protein, containing the full range of amino acids required.
Fat Content Analysis
Dogs use fat as a concentrated energy source. In addition, fats also play a role in development and maintenance. As the chart above displays, a minimum of 33% of Eden Duck and Tripe calories are derived from Fat. Please note that this is the minimum amount of fat as calculated by the guaranteed analysis. In reality, this value of fat is likely to be a lot higher. This is above average for a Dry Dog Food.
This formula provides a satisfactory proportion of fat, which could fuel the energy needs of most dogs including those who are active.
The sources of fat present are considered very high quality and consists of animal fats. Animal fat from ingredients like Duck and Tripe is highly digestible and very suited to a dogs diet. Sadly, the lack of fish ingredients results in a low level of the Omega 3 Fatty Acids.
Eden Duck and Tripe contains an average of 3150 kCal/kg.
Once again please note that the values in this section are calculated using the products guaranteed analysis. The guaranteed analysis only lists the minimum and maximum values, and as a consequence, these can sometimes be an inaccurate representation. As a rule of thumb, most dog foods will contain slightly more protein and considerably more fat than their guaranteed analysis. This will have the knock-on effect of reducing the relative amount of carbohydrates present. However also note that every dog food is different and some will be considerably closer to the guaranteed analysis than others.
Guaranteed Analysis – Eden Duck and Tripe
Pet foods in the United States are legally required by the AAFCO to have a guaranteed analysis on their packaging. A guaranteed analysis must display certain nutritional information. This is similar to how nutritional values are now commonly displayed on food for human consumption. The information that must be displayed includes Crude Protein, Crude Fat, Crude Fiber, and Moisture. Some guaranteed analysis will contain additional information. The guaranteed analysis for this product is listed below.
- Crude Protein (Min) – 20.00%
- Crude Fat (Min) – 13.00%
- Crude Fiber (Max) – 2.30%
- Moisture (Max) – 18.00%
- Calcium (Min) – 1.6%
- Phosphorus (Min) – 0.9%
- Omega 6 Fatty Acids (Min) – 2.5%
- Omega 3 Fatty Acids (Min) – 0.3%
The ingredients of pet food are disclosed on the packaging of the product as a list in descending order. Therefore the ingredients at the start of the list make up the bulk of the pet foods content. As a consequence, the quality of these primary ingredients is the most significant factor in determining the quality of pet food.
However, ingredients listed further down the ingredient list should not be ignored, especially if they could have adverse or harmful effects on a pet.
- Sweet Potatoes
Dangerous / Harmful Ingredients
In-Depth Meat/Fish Ingredient Review
The meat and fish ingredients of dog food are without a doubt the most important. They are critical as they provide the majority of the protein and fat that dogs desperately need. Also, these ingredients would have made up the bulk of dogs ancestors diet. Therefore, the quality of a dog food formulas meat and fish ingredients is crucial. Eden Duck and Tripe contains two sources of meat or fish.
The primary meat source present is Duck. Duck is a considered a high-quality source of protein. It contains considerably higher levels of selenium and phosphorus than other meats. Unfortunately, Duck does contain a high concentration of water. Much of this water is evaporated during the cooking process leaving a lesser proportion of Duck. However, given that Duck is the first listed ingredient, its proportion will be relatively high after the cooking process.
In-Depth None-Meat Ingredient Review
Sweet Potatoes are a starchy vegetable and a source of complex carbohydrates. Sweet Potatoes are considered superior to traditional Potatoes as they contain more fiber and a more extensive range of vitamins and minerals. Some examples of vitamins and minerals that are abundant in Sweet Potatoes are Vitamin A, Vitamin C, and Calcium. The higher amount of fiber and the range of micronutrients in Sweet Potatoes mean that they are considered a high-quality ingredient despite containing mostly carbohydrates.
Tapioca is a starchy vegetable and a source of complex carbohydrates. Tapioca, which is also known as Cassava Root, is a staple of South America and is rarely seen in the western world. This means it is often used as a novel ingredient for dogs with allergies or sensitivities to other ingredients such as Peas and Potatoes. Tapioca does not contribute substantial nutrition beyond its carbohydrate content but does contain the some B Vitamins such as Folate and the Vitamin B6.
Full Ingredient List – Eden Duck and Tripe
Freshly Prepared Duck (37%), Dried Duck (18%), Sweet Potato, Glycerine, Freshly Prepared Tripe (4%), Tapioca, Chickpea Flour, Duck Liver (2%), Lucerne, Coconut Oil (0.37%), Minerals, Vitamins, Dried Pumpkin, Seaweed Oil, Dried Apple, Garlic Powder (0.07%), Green Lipped Mussel (0.07%), Dried Cranberry (0.04%), Spirulina (0.04%), Fructooligosaccharides (480 mg/kg), Glucosamine (350 mg/kg), MSM (350 mg/kg), Chondroitin Sulphate (250 mg/kg).