Quick Review
  • Nutrition - 8/10
    8/10
  • Ingredients - 10/10
    10/10

Summary

Acana Heritage – Paleo is a high-quality dry dog food. Its nutrient profile is above average and it provides above average quantities of protein and fat. Despite this, its carbohydrate proportion is a little too high and would be better replaced with additional protein.

It contains well sourced high-quality ingredients with a focus on an unusual range of meat ingredients such as Boar, Turkey, and Rabbit. Heritage – Paleo has high levels of Calcium and the Omega 3 Fatty Acid. It contains a range of Legumes which are considered a high-quality source of carbohydrates. In addition, they provide fiber for healthy digestion.

Acana Heritage – Paleo contains a wide range of vegetables and meat ingredients which may make it unsuitable for dogs with serious dietary allergies or sensitivities.

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Pros

High-Quality Meat Ingredients

Satisfactory Nutrition

Satisfactory Level Of Omega Fatty Acids

Cons

Somewhat Excessive Carbohydrate Proportion

A Full review of Heritage – Paleo By Acana

Acana Heritage Paleo Packaging

Nutritional Analysis

The ideal nutrition for a dog is entirely dependant on their unique circumstances. However, a high proportion of protein and fat combined with a lower proportion of carbohydrates is most appropriate nutrition profile for the vast majority of dogs. Dog’s are very capable of consuming a high proportion of carbohydrates, but a diet high in protein and fat is more appropriate and a better reflection of their natural ancestral diet.

Acana Heritage - Paleo Calorie Breakdown Chart

Carbohydrate Content Analysis

Dogs use carbohydrates as a simple energy source. Dogs do not require significant carbohydrates in their diet and they are commonly added to reduce cost and increase shelf life. As the chart above displays, a maximum of 33% of Acana Heritage – Paleo calories are derived from carbohydrates.  Please note that this is the maximum amount of carbohydrates as calculated by the guaranteed analysis. In reality, this value of carbohydrates is likely to be a lot lower. This is below average for a Dry Dog Food.

The majority of this carbohydrate proportion appears to be from the vegetable content of this dog food. Ingredients such as Peas and Lentils will be discussed in-depth later on. This is above what we would consider the ideal proportion of carbohydrates. That being said, they are from a reasonably high-quality source and this percentage is an overestimate. This proportion is suitable for the vast majority of adult dogs.

Protein Content Analysis

Dogs use Protein for growth, development, and maintenance. Excess protein can be burned as calories. As the chart above displays, a minimum of 29% of Acana Heritage – Paleo calories are derived from protein. Please note that this is the minimum amount of protein as calculated by the guaranteed analysis. In reality, this value of protein is likely to be higher. This is above average for a Dry Dog Food.

This will be a sufficient amount of protein for the majority of dogs but may be inadequate for those who are very active. This protein appears to be sourced from the large range of meat ingredients such as Pork, Wild Boar, and Turkey. These are considered high-quality sources and contain the full range of amino acids required. The minority of this protein proportion is from plant-based proteins. Plant-based protein is considered of a lesser quality but the proportion in this formula is not significant.

Fat Content Analysis

Dogs use fat as a concentrated energy source. In addition, fats also play a role in development and maintenance. As the chart above displays, a minimum of 38% of Acana Heritage – Paleo for Dogs calories are derived from fat. Please note that this is the minimum amount of fat as calculated by the guaranteed analysis. In reality, this value of fat is likely to be a lot higher. This is significantly above average for a Dry Dog Food.

The fat present in this dog food appears to be sourced from the meat ingredients present which are an ideal source. Some examples include Rabbit and Boar. This low estimate of fat content is more than sufficient to fulfill the energy needs of even the most active dogs. In addition, the proportion of the Omega Fatty Acids in this formula is satisfactory and they will provide a number of benefits.

Calorie Density

Calorie Density is essential to understand as it determines the portion size of food your dog will require per day or meal. Calorie Density is commonly measured in calories per kg or per cup.
Dog food formulas with high-calorie densities can be more cost efficient to purchase while recipes with lower calorie density can be advantageous to dogs attempting weight loss or who are relatively inactive.

Overall Acana Heritage – Paleo contains an average of 3475 kcal/kg or 396 kcal per 8 oz. cup

Disclaimer

Once again please note that the values in this section are calculated using the products guaranteed analysis. The guaranteed analysis only lists the minimum and maximum values and as a consequence, these can sometimes be an inaccurate representation. As a rule of thumb, most dog foods will contain slightly more protein and considerably more fat than their guaranteed analysis. This will have the knock-on effect of reducing the relative amount of carbohydrates present. However also note that every dog food is different and some will be considerably closer to the guaranteed analysis than others.

Guaranteed Analysis – Acana Heritage – Paleo

Pet foods in the United States are legally required by the AAFCO to have a guaranteed analysis on their packaging. A guaranteed analysis must display certain nutritional information. This is similar to how nutritional values are now commonly displayed on food for human consumption. The information that must be displayed includes Crude Protein, Crude Fat, Crude Fiber, and Moisture. Some guaranteed analysis will contain additional information. The guaranteed analysis for this product is listed below.

  • Crude Protein (Min) – 29.00%
  • Crude Fat (Min) – 17.00%
  • Crude Fiber (Max) – 5.00%
  • Moisture (Max) – 12.00%
  • Calcium (Min) – 1.4%
  • Phosphorus (Min) – 1.0%
  • Omega 6 Fatty Acids (Min) – 2.4%
  • Omega 3 Fatty Acids (Min) – 1.0%

 

Ingredient Analysis

The ingredients of pet food are disclosed on the packaging of the product as a list in descending order. Therefore the ingredients at the start of the list make up the bulk of the pet foods content. As a consequence, the quality of these primary ingredients is the most significant factor in determining the quality of pet food.

However, ingredients listed further down the ingredient list should not be ignored, especially if they could have adverse or harmful effects on a pet.

High-Quality Ingredients

  • Boar
  • Turkey
  • Pork Meal
  • Lentils
  • Peas
  • Turkey Meal
  • Turkey Giblets
  • Chickpeas
  • Rabbit

 

Low-Quality Ingredients

  • N/A

 

Dangerous / Harmful Ingredients

  • N/A

 

In-Depth Meat/Fish Ingredient Review

The meat and fish ingredients of dog food are without a doubt the most important. They are critical as they provide the majority of the protein and fat that dogs desperately need. Also, these ingredients would have made up the bulk of dogs ancestors diet. Therefore, the quality of a dog food formulas meat and fish ingredients is crucial. Acana Heritage – Paleo contains more than five sources of meat or fish.

Boar is considered a high-quality source of meat. Unfortunately, Boar contains a large amount of water. This moisture will be evaporated during the cooking process leaving a smaller amount of Boar.

The secondary meat source present is Turkey. Turkey is a considered a high-quality source of protein. Some of the beneficial nutrients contained in Turkey include Vitamin B6 and Niacin. Unfortunately, Turkey does contain a high concentration of water. Much of this water is evaporated during the cooking process leaving a lesser proportion of Turkey. However, given that Turkey is the second listed ingredient, its proportion will be relatively high after the cooking process.

Another meat source present is Pork Meal. Pork Meal is considered a high-quality source of protein. Meat Meal is a concentrated form of meat that has already had the majority of its moisture removed. This means that gram for gram it is much richer in protein and other nutrients. Pork Meal will contain the same vitamins and minerals as Pork but in higher concentrations. This includes Thiamin and significant levels of the Iron.

Another meat source present is Turkey Meal. Turkey Meal is considered a high-quality source of protein. Meat Meal is a concentrated form of meat that has already had the majority of its moisture removed. This means that gram for gram it is much richer in protein and other nutrients. Turkey Meal will contain the same vitamins and minerals as Turkey but in higher concentrations. This includes the high levels of Niacin and Vitamin B6.

Another meat source is Turkey Giblets. Turkey Giblets are considered a high to average quality source of meat depending on their quality. Giblets are the innards of a bird and contain organs such as the liver or heart. These can contain high quantities of vitamins in addition to protein.

Another meat source present is Rabbit. Rabbit is considered a high-quality source of protein. Rabbit contains high levels of the Vitamins B3 and B12. Unfortunately, Rabbit does contain a high concentration of water. Much of this water is evaporated during the cooking process leaving a lesser proportion of Rabbit. However given that Rabbit is not one of the primary ingredients, its proportion will still be relatively low after the cooking process

In-Depth None-Meat Ingredient Review

Acana Heritage – Paleo contains Peas, Lentils and Garbanzo Beans (also known as chickpeas). These are all members of the legume family of vegetables. Legumes are famous for having a relatively high amount of protein for a vegetable. Legumes also contain a high amount of fiber, which is important for healthy digestion. Pet foods often use legumes as a replacement for grains in grain-free pet food. Protein from vegetables such as legumes should not be a replacement for protein from meat. Instead, it should act as an additional protein source.

Pumpkin is a high-quality vegetable ingredient and a beneficial addition to a dogs diet. Pumpkin contains high levels of a variety of vitamins and minerals including Vitamin A, Vitamin C, and Potassium. However, Pumpkin is probably best known for the Dietary Fiber it can contribute. This fiber can improve and regulate digestion. Finally, Pumpkin does not contain significant levels of plant-based protein. This lack of protein prevents Pumpkin being used solely to inflate protein levels like other vegetables, such as Peas, often are.

Dried Chicory Root or Chicory Root Extract is an additive or supplement to dog food. It can provide a range of health benefits including soluble fiber to enable regular passage of stool, probiotics to aid and promote digestion, as well as potentially eliminate or prevent intestinal worms. While these benefits are not fully proven, there is strong evidence behind them. The proportion of Chicory Root used in most dog food recipes is tiny and does not contribute meaningful nutrition. Find out more in Dried Chicory Root In Dog Food.

Full Ingredient List – Acana Heritage – Paleo

Deboned wild boar, deboned turkey, pork meal, whole red lentils, whole green peas, whole yellow peas, turkey meal, pork fat, turkey giblets, whole green lentils, whole pinto beans, whole chickpeas, lentil fiber, pork broth, deboned rabbit, wild boar liver, pollock oil, natural pork flavor, wild boar heart, wild boar cartilage, sea salt, mixed tocopherols (preservative), whole pumpkin, collard greens, whole carrots, whole apples, dried kelp, zinc proteinate, calcium pantothenate, freeze-dried pork liver, copper proteinate, chicory root, turmeric, sarsaparilla root, althea root, rose hips, juniper berries, dried lactobacillus acidophilus fermentation product, dried bifidobacterium animalis fermentation product, dried lactobacillus casei fermentation product.

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