Nutrition - 9/10
Ingredients - 10/10
Orijen Fit and Trim is a high-quality dry dog food formula. Its nutrient profile is significantly above average and it provides an extremely high proportion of protein. Orijen contains some of the highest proportions of protein of any commercial dog food and does so without sacrificing its quality. However, some would consider this proportion excessive.
The formula contains a range of nutritious ingredients with a focus on poultry such as Chicken and Turkey, as well as some fish ingredients. Eggs and organ meat such as Liver are also included with the intention of adding beneficial minerals, vitamins, and additional protein.
A wide range of legumes are present in the formula, and they provide a satisfactory proportion of high-quality carbohydrates. In addition to their carbohydrate content, these ingredients contain fiber for healthy digestion.
Orijen’s Fit and Trim formula contains a wide range of vegetables, fruits, meats, and fish. For this reason, it is highly unlikely that it would be suitable for dogs with severe allergies or sensitivities. But for dogs without dietary issues, this is a fantastic formula which we would highly recommend.
Very High Protein Proportion
High Levels of Omega Fatty Acids
High-Quality Meat and Vegetable Ingredients
No Grains or By-products
Fat Proportion Lower Than Ideal
Slightly Excessive Protein Proportion
A Full review of Fit and Trim By Orijen
The ideal nutrition for a dog is entirely dependant on their unique circumstances. However, a high proportion of protein and fat combined with a lower proportion of carbohydrates is most appropriate nutrition profile for the vast majority of dogs. Dog’s are very capable of consuming a high proportion of carbohydrates, but a diet high in protein and fat is more appropriate and a better reflection of their natural ancestral diet.
Carbohydrate Content Analysis
Dogs use carbohydrates as a simple energy source. Dogs do not require significant carbohydrates in their diet, and they are commonly added to reduce cost and increase shelf life. As the chart above displays, a maximum of 26% of Orijen – Fit and Trim calories are derived from carbohydrates. Please note that this is the maximum amount of carbohydrates as calculated by the guaranteed analysis. In reality, this value of carbohydrates is likely to be a lot lower. This is significantly below average for a Dry Dog Food.
The carbohydrate proportion within Orijen’s Fit and Trim formula appears to be sourced from a huge range of fruits and vegetables. Small quantities of Lentils, Chickpeas, Beans, and others provide sources of high-quality carbohydrates.
This is a very satisfactory proportion of carbohydrates. While this proportion could be lower, it is suitable for the majority of dogs and lowering it further would provide little benefit.
Protein Content Analysis
Dogs use Protein for growth, development, and maintenance. Excess protein can be burned as calories. As the chart above displays, a minimum of 44% of Orijen – Fit and Trim calories are derived from protein. Please note that this is the minimum amount of protein as calculated by the guaranteed analysis. In reality, this value of protein is likely to be higher. This is significantly above average for a Dry Dog Food.
The proportion of protein present in the Orijen’s Fit and Trim formula is unprecedented from any commercial dry dog food. Even the most active of dogs would have their protein needs fulfilled with ease.
Given this high level, it is certain that some excess protein will have to be burned as calories. While this might sound inefficient, this is perfectly normal and dogs are very suited to do so.
Chicken and Turkey ingredients make up the majority of this protein content with fish providing a minor fraction. All of these ingredients are considered high-quality sources of lean protein, containing the full range of amino acids required.
Fat Content Analysis
Dogs use fat as a concentrated energy source. In addition, fats also play a role in development and maintenance. As the chart above displays, a minimum of 30% of Orijen – Fit and Trim calories are derived from Fat. Please note that this is the minimum amount of fat as calculated by the guaranteed analysis. In reality, this value of fat is likely to be a lot higher. This is significantly above average for a Dry Dog Food.
Orijen – Fit and Trim is designed to have a lower level of fat than other Orijen dry dog foods. While we usually would suggest that the level of fat be much higher, given that this food is designed to be low fat then this would be counter-intuitive.
Despite the lower levels of fat in this formula, the type of fat present should be considered very high quality and consists of animal and fish fats. Animal and fish fat from ingredients like Chicken and Flounder is highly digestible and very suited to a dogs diet. The fish fats in particular help boost the levels of the Omega 3 Fatty Acids which are known to provide a variety of health benefits.
Overall Orijen – Fit and Trim contains an average of 3940 kcal/kg or 449 kcal per 8oz. cup.
Once again please note that the values in this section are calculated using the products guaranteed analysis. The guaranteed analysis only lists the minimum and maximum values, and as a consequence, these can sometimes be an inaccurate representation. As a rule of thumb, most dog foods will contain slightly more protein and considerably more fat than their guaranteed analysis. This will have the knock-on effect of reducing the relative amount of carbohydrates present. However also note that every dog food is different and some will be considerably closer to the guaranteed analysis than others.
Guaranteed Analysis – Orijen – Fit and Trim
Pet foods in the United States are legally required by the AAFCO to have a guaranteed analysis on their packaging. A guaranteed analysis must display certain nutritional information. This is similar to how nutritional values are now commonly displayed on food for human consumption. The information that must be displayed includes Crude Protein, Crude Fat, Crude Fiber, and Moisture. Some guaranteed analysis will contain additional information. The guaranteed analysis for this product is listed below.
- Crude Protein (Min) – 42.00%
- Crude Fat (Min) – 13.00%
- Crude Fiber (Max) – 8.00%
- Moisture (Max) – 12.00%
- Calcium (Min) – 1.7%
- Phosphorus (Min) – 1.4%
- Omega 6 Fatty Acids (Min) – 2.5%
- Omega 3 Fatty Acids (Min) – 1.0%
The ingredients of pet food are disclosed on the packaging of the product as a list in descending order. Therefore the ingredients at the start of the list make up the bulk of the pet foods content. As a consequence, the quality of these primary ingredients is the most significant factor in determining the quality of pet food.
However, ingredients listed further down the ingredient list should not be ignored, especially if they could have adverse or harmful effects on a pet.
- Chicken Liver
- Turkey Liver
- Cod Liver
- Whole Eggs
Dangerous / Harmful Ingredients
In-Depth Meat/Fish Ingredient Review
The meat and fish ingredients of dog food are without a doubt the most important. They are critical as they provide the majority of the protein and fat that dogs desperately need. Also, these ingredients would have made up the bulk of dogs ancestors diet. Therefore, the quality of a dog food formulas meat and fish ingredients is crucial. Orijen – Fit and Trim contains more than ten sources of meat or fish.
The primary meat source present is Chicken. Chicken is considered a high-quality source of protein. In addition to being a fantastic protein source, chicken has high levels of Niacin and Vitamin B6. Unfortunately Chicken does contain a high concentration of water. Much of this water is evaporated during the cooking process leaving a lesser proportion of Chicken. However given that Chicken is the first listed ingredient, its proportion will still be relatively high even after the cooking process.
Chicken and Turkey Giblets are considered a high or average quality source of meat depending on their ingredients. Giblets are the innards of a bird and contain organs such as the liver or heart. These can provide higher quantities of vitamins and minerals than traditional meat cuts as well as high levels of protein.
Eggs are a highly nutritious pet food ingredient and are considered a high-quality source of protein. Eggs contain a vast variety of vitamins and minerals including Vitamin A, Vitamin B2 and B12, Selenium, Phosphorus and many others. In addition to this, they contain a high proportion of protein and healthy fats such as the Omega 3 and 6 Fatty Acids.
Another fish source present is Flounder, Flounder is considered a high-quality source of protein. It is known for being a particularly lean source of protein in comparison to other fish. However, it does contain high levels of salt and lower levels of the Omega 3 Fatty Acid than other fish. Unfortunately, Flounder contains a high concentration of water. Much of this water is evaporated during the cooking process leaving a lesser proportion of Flounder. Given that flounder is not one of the primary ingredients, its proportion will be relatively low after the cooking process.
Another meat source present is Turkey. Turkey is a considered a high-quality source of protein. Some of the beneficial nutrients contained in Turkey include Vitamin B6 and Niacin. Unfortunately, Turkey does contain a high concentration of water. Much of this water is evaporated during the cooking process leaving a lesser proportion of Turkey. Given that Turkey is not one of the primary ingredients, its proportion will be relatively low after the cooking process.
Another fish source present is Herring. Herring is considered a high-quality source of protein. The Vitamin B12 is exceptionally abundant in Herring. In addition to this, similar to other fish, Herring is very rich in the Omega 3 Fatty Acid. Unfortunately, Herring contains a high concentration of water. Much of this water is evaporated during the cooking process leaving a lesser proportion of Herring. Given that Herring is not one of the primary ingredients, its proportion will be relatively low after the cooking process.
In-Depth None-Meat Ingredient Review
Peas, Lentils, and Chickpeas are members of the legume family of vegetables. Legumes are famous for having a relatively high amount of protein for a vegetable. Legumes also contain a high amount of fiber, which is essential for healthy digestion. Pet foods often use legumes as a replacement for grains in grain-free pet food. Protein from vegetables such as legumes should not be a replacement for protein from meat. Instead, it should act as an additional protein source. As far as carbohydrate sources go, Legumes are considered one of the better sources.
Pumpkin is a high-quality vegetable ingredient and a beneficial addition to a dogs diet. Pumpkin contains high levels of a variety of vitamins and minerals including Vitamin A, Vitamin C, and Potassium. However, Pumpkin is probably best known for the Dietary Fiber it can contribute. This fiber can improve and regulate digestion. Finally, Pumpkin does not contain significant levels of plant-based protein. This lack of protein prevents Pumpkin being used solely to inflate protein levels like other vegetables, such as Peas, often are.
Squash, which is closely related to Pumpkin, is a positive addition to dog food. Squash contains high levels of Vitamin A and C similar to fruit such as Apples and Pears. In addition to this, Squash also provides a plentiful supply of Beta Carotene. Comparable to Pumpkin, Squash is high in fiber which can help regulate digestion. However, it is essential to be aware that Squash needs to have its seeds and skin removed to be suitable for dogs. The removal of the skin and seeds will take place during the manufacturing process of commercial dog food.
Dried Chicory Root or Chicory Root Extract is an additive or supplement to dog food. It can provide a range of health benefits including soluble fiber to enable regular passage of stool, probiotics to aid and promote digestion, as well as potentially eliminate or prevent intestinal worms. While these benefits are not fully proven, there is strong evidence behind them. The proportion of Chicory Root used in most dog food recipes is tiny and does not contribute meaningful nutrition. Find out more in Dried Chicory Root In Dog Food.
Full Ingredient List – Orijen – Fit and Trim
Deboned chicken, chicken liver, turkey liver, cod liver, whole eggs, arrowtooth flounder, deboned turkey, whole atlantic herring, chicken heart, turkey heart, dehydrated chicken liver, dehydrated turkey liver, dehydrated sardine, dehydrated chicken, dehydrated turkey, whole green peas, whole red lentils, whole chickpeas, whole green lentils, carrot fiber, pea fiber, apple fiber, whole pinto beans, whole navy beans, natural chicken flavor, ground chicken bone and cartilage, dehydrated pumpkin, dehydrated butternut squash, herring oil, lentil fiber, dried kelp, freeze-dried chicken liver, freeze-dried turkey liver, freeze-dried cod liver, whole pumpkin, whole butternut squash, kale, spinach, mustard greens, collard greens, turnip greens, whole carrots, whole red delicious apples, whole bartlett pears, pumpkin seeds, sunflower seeds, zinc proteinate, mixed tocopherols (preservative), copper proteinate, chicory root, turmeric, sarsaparilla root, althea root, rosehips, juniper berries, dried lactobacillus acidophilus fermentation product, dried bifidobacterium animalis fermentation product, dried lactobacillus casei fermentation product.